the learning never stops!

Cockpit Reference Guide

Normals

I normally prefer primary sources to secondary, that's why I'll almost always prefer Gulfstream materials to FlightSafety. But sometimes you need quick and frequent access.



More about this: Agriculture Import

Agriculture Import

Generally Allowed Food Items

[http://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/aphis/home] — Click "Resources" / "Travelers International" and under "Related Links" select "Generally Allow Food and Agricultural Items by Category"

The following food items are generally allowed entry:

  • Condiments such as oil, vinegar, mustard, catsup, pickles, syrup, honey without honey combs, jelly, and jam.
  • Foodstuffs such as bakery items, candy, and chocolate.
  • Hard cured cheeses without meat, such as Parmesan or cheddar.
  • Canned goods and goods in vacuum-packed jars (except those containing meat or poultry products) for personal use.
  • Fish or fish products for personal use.
  • Powdered drinks sealed in original containers with ingredients listed in English.
  • Dry mixes containing dairy and egg ingredients (such as baking mixes, cocoa mixes, drink mixes, instant cake mixes, instant pudding mixes, liquid drink mixes containing reconstituted dry milk or dry milk products, potato flakes, and infant formula) that are commercially labeled, presented in final finished packaging, and require no further manipulation of the product are generally allowed.

Remember, you must declare all food and agricultural products, including those listed above, to a CBP agriculture specialist or officer when you arrive in the United States.

Fruits and Vegetables

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) maintains a website where you plug in the country or the food item and get a ruling on import. The web site is: epermits.aphis.usda.gov.

If you enter "Papaya," for example, you will find out you can never bring one to Hawaii. You are also restricted from bringing any papaya from Chile, Ecuador, or Malaysia to any port of the United States.

The web site works well but the list is rather large. If you are en route and don't have an Internet connection, the USDA publishes phone numbers for inquiries: 1-301-851-2046 or 1-877-770-5990.

Animal Products and Animal By-Products

[http://www.aphis.usda.gov/wps/portal/aphis/home] — Click "Resources" / "Travelers International" and then "Animal Products and By Products"

  • Meat, milk, egg, poultry, and products such as dried soup mix or bouillon, are either prohibited or restricted from entering the United States, depending on the types of animal diseases that occur in the country of origin. Fresh (chilled or frozen), dried, cured, and fully cooked meat is generally prohibited from most countries. Canned meat is allowed entry, except beef, veal, lamb, mutton, venison, elk, bison, etc., from countries affected by bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
  • Products containing raw egg ingredients are not allowed from most regions.
  • Pork and pork products are not allowed from Mexico, except for cooked pork in small amounts for a meal.
  • Effective January 14, 2010, cooked pork skins (also known as pork rinds) entering as commercial cargo or in passenger baggage from some countries must be accompanied by additional documents. For more details, contact USDA's National Center for Import and Export at (301) 734-3277, or email AskNCIE.Products@aphis.usda.gov

Violations

[USDA - APHIS] Individuals who fail to declare non-commercial agricultural items may be subject to penalties ranging from $1,100 to $60,000 per violation. These penalties are based on authorities granted to USDA through the Plant Protection Act and the Animal Health Protection Act.

If you discover a banned item on the aircraft it is best to declare it on inspection. I've done that and had the item confiscated, which was better than the times the item was discovered and the passenger was forced to write a check.


We use an audio checklist from Heads Up Technology that works very well if you, like me, insist on a "Do Verify" method for all but the After Takeoff and After Landing checklists. It is pretty straight forward but every now and then we get lost in the logic. So we include this cheat sheet to get unlost. More about Do Verify: Checklist Philosophy.

Audio Checklist

Scenarios

  • Normal start up, cold airplane
    • Before Starting Engines ADVANCE
    • Before Starting Engines Thruflight SKIP
    • Normal Engine Ground Start ADVANCE
    • High Elevation Engine Start SKIP
    • After Starting Engines ADVANCE
    • Continue
  • High elevation start up, cold airplane
    • Before Starting Engines ADVANCE
    • Before Starting Engines Thruflight SKIP
    • Normal Engine Ground Start SKIP
    • After Starting Engines SKIP
    • High Elevation Engine Start ADVANCE
    • Continue
  • Taxi to normal flight
    • Taxi/Before Takeoff ADVANCE
    • Line Up ADVANCE
    • Continue
  • Taxi to pattern flight
    • Taxi/Before Takeoff ADVANCE
    • EXIT (gets you out of normal checklists)
    • ADVANCE
    • Traffic Pattern Line Up ADVANCE
    • (From this point you stay in pattern checklists until the last landing)
  • Traffic pattern to last landing
    • JUMP, JUMP, JUMP
    • (Moves you to Normal Before Landing Checklist)
  • Missed approach
    • JUMP
    • (Moves you to Climb Checklist)
  • Landing to customs ramp to parking spot for shutdown
    • After Landing ADVANCE
    • Reposition ADVANCE
    • Shutdown ADVANCE
  • Landing to parking for quick turn
    • After Landing ADVANCE
    • Reposition SKIP
    • Shutdown SKIP
    • Quick Turn ADVANCE ADVANCE
    • Before Starting Engines SKIP
    • Before Starting Engines Thruflight ADVANCE

Before Starting Engines

PREFLIGHT CHECKLISTSCOMPLETE
CIRCUIT BREAKERSCHECK
ELECTRIC POWER CONT PNLSET
HMGOFF
APUSTART
EMERGENCY POWERARM
DISPLAY SYSTEM CONTROLNORMAL
MFD DISPLAY SWITCHINGNORMAL
IRSsON/INITIALIZED
FMSsON/FLIGHT ID
ENG FIRE DET FAULT TESTTESTED
L ENG/R ENG FIRE TESTTESTED
SYSTEM TESTSTESTED
ENGINE BLEED AIROFF
TEMP CONTROL PANELSET
CABIN PRES CONTROL PANELCHECK/SET
WINDSHIELD HEATOFF
ANTI-ICE HEATERSOFF
EVS WINDOW HEATOFF
CABIN WINDOW HEATSELECT ON/LGND OFF
COWL/WING ATI-ICEAUTO
FUEL SYSTEM PANELCHECK
LEFT/RIGHT MAIN TRUOFF
MASTER SWITCHESON
POWER TRANSFER UNITARM
AUX PUMP/BRAKE SYSTEMARM/CHECKED
CKPT LIGHTS MASTER CONTROLSET
SEATBELT/NO SMOKEON
CRANK MASTEROFF
START MASTEROFF
CKPT LIGHTS CONT SIDE PANELSSET
EMERG LANDING GEAR HANDLEIN
AUDIO CONTROL PANELSSET
CREW/PASS OXYGENON/AUTO
CREW OXYGEN MASKSCHECK
NWS POWEROFF
NWS PEDAL DISCONNECTON
CLOCKSSET/ZERO
DISPLAY CONTROLSCHECKED
ENGINEEPR MODE
V SPEEDSENTERED/VERIFY
EGPWSTEST
TCASTEST
ALTIMETERSSET
GUIDANCE PANELSET
ELECTONIC CHART EFFECTIVE DATESCHECK
SFDON/CHECKED
EBDICHECK/AUTO/HDG1
STAB/FLAP INDICATIONCHECKED
GEAR HANDLE / LIGHTSDOWN/3 GREEN
YAW DAMPERDISENGAGE
PITCH TRIMENG/CHECK/SET
TERRAIN INHIBITOFF
FIRE HANDLESIN
POWER/REVERSE LEVERSIDLE/DOWN
FUEL CONTROLSOFF
GPWS/GND SPLR FLAP ORIDEOFF
LATERAL CONTROLON
SPEED BRAKERETRACT
RADARSTBY
STALL BARRIERON
ANTI-SKIDON
GROUND SPOILEROFF
ALT FLAPOFF
EMER STABOFF
PARKING BRAKE/PRESSURESET/3000
RADIO TUNINGSET
CABIN PRESSURE SELECTOR PANELSET
RUDDER/AILERON TRIMCHECK/ZERO
TAKE-OFF BRIEFINGCOMPLETED

Before Starting Engines Thruflight

SYS MONITOR/TEST PANELCHECK
CIRCUIT BREAKERSCHECK
ELECTRIC POWER CONTROL PANELSET
APUSTARTED
EMERGENCY POWERARMED
DISPLAY SYSTEM CONTROLNORMAL
MFD DISPLAY SWITCHINGNORMAL
FMSsON/INITIALIZED
ENGINE BLEED AIROFF
TEMP CONTROL PANELSET
CABIN PRES CONTROL PANELSET
CABIN WINDOW HEATSELECT ON/LEGEND OFF
COWL/WING ANTI-ICEAUTO
FUEL SYSTEM PANELSET
CABIN/GALLEY MASTERSON
PTUARM
AUX PUMPARM
INT/EXT LIGHTSSET
SEAT BELT/NO SMOKEON
CREW/PASS OXYGENON/AUTO
CLOCKSSET/ZERO
ALTIMETERSSET
POWER/REVERSE LEVERSIDLE/DOWN
FUEL CONTROLSOFF
RADARSTANDBY
PARKING BRAKE PRESSURESET/3000
TRIMSET/ZERO
TAKEOFF BRIEFIINGCOMPLETED

Normal Engine Ground Start

DOORSCLOSED
BEACONON
PARKING BRAKE/PRESSURESET/3000
POWER LEVERSIDLE
GUST LOCKOFF
ENGINE BLEED AIROFF
L/R MAIN BOOST PUMPSON
ENGINE CONTROLEPR MODE
ENGINE START PAGESELECTED
BLEED AIR PRESSURECHECK 28 PSI MIN
START MASTERON
R ENG STARTPRESS
R OIL PRESSCHECK 17 PSI
R SYS3000
PTU PRESSURE3000
SINGLE RUDDER CAS MSGDISPLAYED
L ENGINE STARTPRESS
L OIL PRESSURECHECK 17 PSI
L SYS/R SYS/PTU PRESSURE3000/3000/0
SINGLE RUDDER CAS MSGNOT DISPLAYED

High Elevation Engine Start

BEACONON
PARKING BRAKE/PRESSUREON/3000
POWER LEVERSIDLE
GUST LOCKOFF
ENGINE BLEED AIROFF
ENGINE CONTROLEPR MODE
BLEED AIR PRESSURECHECK 28 PSI MIN
PTUOFF
BOOST PUMPS1 ON / 3 OFF
CROSSFLOWOPEN
START MASTERON
R ENGINE STARTPRESS
MAX MOTORING RPMFUEL CONTROL RUN
R OIL PRESSURECHECK 17 PSI
R SYS PRESSURE3000
ENGINE STABLE AT IDLEPTU ARM
PTU PRESSURE3000
SINGLE RUDDER CAS MESSAGEDISPLAYED
IDLE SPEED49 HP MIN
L ENGINE STARTPRESS
MAX MOTORING RPMFUEL CONTROL RUN
L OIL PRESSURECHECK 17 PSI
L SYS/R SYS/PTU3000/3000/0
SINGLE RUDDER CAS MESSAGENOT DISPLAYED
BOOST PUMPS 4 ON
CROSSFLOWCLOSED
START MASTEROFF
PASSENGER OXYGENON

After Starting Engines

START MASTEROFF
ELECTRIC PWR CONTROL PANELSET
EMERGENCY POWERARM
APUSTOP
BLEED AIR CONTROL PANELSET
FUEL SYSTEM PANELSET
COWL/WING ANTI-ICESET
ANTI-ICE HEATERSON
WINDSHIELD HEATON
CABIN PRESSURE AUTO/SEMIAUTO
FLIGHT CONTROLS SYNOPTIC PAGESELECT
GROUND SPOILERSCHECKED
STALL BARRIERTEST
FLIGHT CONTROLSCHECKED
APU MASTEROFF
NWS POWERON
YAW DAMPERENGAGE
HMGCHECK
MOBILE PHONES OFF

Taxi/Before Takeoff

TRANSPONDERON
EXTERIOR LIGHTSSET
BRAKESCHECKED
FLAPS/STABSET FOR TAKEOFF
TRIM SETTINGSSET
SLIP INDs/CMPSs/FLT INSTsCHECKED
ENGINE INSTRUMENTSCHECKED/ALL WHITE
CABIN PRESSURE CONTROLFLIGHT
THRUST REVERSERSCHECK
TAKEOFF BRIEFINGREVIEW
HUD COMBINERDEPLOY CHECK
PRIMARY/STNDBY DISPLAYSSET FOR DEPARTURE
GUIDANCE PANELSET
WARN INHIBITINHIBIT
BLEED AIR CONTROL PANELAPU OFF/ENGs ON
COWL WING ANIT-ICESET
FLIGHT CONTROLS SYNOPTIC PAGESELECT
FLT OBS SEAT/INTERIOR DOOSCHECK

Line Up

EXTERIOR LIGHTSSET
TRANSPONDER/TCASON/TA/RA
RADARSET
GROUND SPOILERSARMED
V SPEEDSCHECKED/BOXED
EICASCHECKED
RUNWAY ALIGNMENTCONFIRM

Climb

GEARUP
FLAPSUP
GUIDANCE PANELSET
CLIMB POWERSET
GND SPOILERSOFF
CABIN PRESSURE CONTROL PANELCHECKED
EXTERIOR LIGHTSSET
SEAT BELTOFF
ALTIMETERSSET

Cruise

POWERSET FOR CRUISE
PRESSURIZATIONCHECK
PANEL SWEEPCOMPLETE
FMS FUEL QUANTITYUPDATE

Descent

WEATHERRECEIVED
FMS ARRIVAL/LANDING DATASET
HUD COMBINERDEPLOY/CHECK
NAV AIDSTUNED
COURSE SELECTIONCONFIRMED
MDA/DA/DDASET
HUD DC PAGESET
COWL/WING ANTI-ICESET
PRESSURIZATIONLANDING
APPROACH BRIEFINGCOMPLETED

In Range

ALTIMETERSSET
SEAT BELTON
EXTERIOR LIGHTSSET
FLT OBS SEAT/INTERIOR DOORSCHECK

After Landing

RADARSTANDBY
FLAPSSET
GROUND SPOILERSOFF
LANDING/STROBE LIGHTSOFF
COWL/WING ANTI-ICESET
ANTI-ICE HEATERSOFF
WINDSHIELD HEATOFF
L/R ALTERNATE BOOST PUMPSOFF
APUON
APU GENERATORCHECKED
BLEED AIRSET
BRAKE TEMPSCHECKED

Reposition

PARKING BRAKESET/3000
TRANSPONDERSTANDBY
PTUNOT ARMED
L/R FUEL CONTROLOFF
NWS/BEACON/SEAT BELTOFF
MAIN ENTRANCE DOOROPEN
BLEED AIRAPU
PTUARM
POWER/REVERSE LEVERSIDLE/DOWN
TIMES/FUELRECORDED
CUSTOMSCOMPLETED
MAIN ENTRANCE DOORCLOSED
SEAT BELTS SIGNSON
BEACONON
GUST LOCKOFF
ENGINE CONTROLEPR MODE
ENGINE START PAGESELECTED
BLEED AIR PRESSURE28 PSI MIN
R ENGINE TGTLESS THAN 200C
START MASTER ON
R ENGINE STARTPRESS
R OIL PRESSURECHECK 17 PSI
R SYS/PTU PRESSURE3000/3000
SINGLE RUDDER CAS MESSAGEDISPLAYED
L ENGINE TGTLESS THAN 200C
L ENGINE STARTPRESS
L ENGINE OIL PRESSURECHECK 17 PSI
L SYS/R SYS/PTU PRESSURE3000/3000/0
SINGLE RUDDER CAS MESSAGENOT DISPLAYED
START MASTEROFF
ELECTRIC PWR CONTROL PANELSET
APUAS REQUIRED
BLEED AIR PANELSET
COWL/WING ANTI-ICESET
ANTI-ICE HEATERS/WNDSHLD HEATSET
NWSON
TRANSPONDERSET
TAXI LIGHTON
BRAKESCHECK
CABIN PRESSUREAUTO/LANDING

Shutdown

PARKING BRAKE/PRESSURESET/3000
TRANSPONDERSTANDBY
PTUNOT ARMED
RADAROFF
L/R FUEL CONTROLOFF
SEAT BELTOFF
MAIN ENTRANCE DOOROPEN
ENGINE AIROFF
APU AIR ON
OXYGEN SYSTEMSOFF
NWS POWEROFF
TIMES/FUELRECORDED
IRSsOFF
DISPLAY SYSTEM CONTROLOFF
MASTER SWITCHESOFF
EMERGENCY POWEROFF
APUSTOP
MAIN BOOST PUMPSOFF
COWL/WING ANTI-ICEOFF
COCKPIT LIGHTSSET
EXTERIOR LIGHTSOFF
GUST LOCKON
WHEEL CHOCKSSET
PARKING BRAKEOFF
APU MASTER/RPM <5%OFF
CABIN WINDOW HEATOFF
CAB PRES VERIFY TROV CLOSEDSEL MANUAL
AUX PUMPNOT ARMED
LEFT/RIGHT BATTERIESOFF

Quick Turn

PARKING BRAKESET/300
TRANSPONDERSTANDBY
PTUNOT ARMED
SEAT BELTOFF
L/R FUEL CONTROLOFF
MAIN ENTRANCE DOOROPEN
NWSOFF
ENGINE BLEED AIROFF
APU AIRON
EXTERIOR LIGHTSAS REQUIRED
TIMES/FUELRECORDED/ZERO
HYDRAULIC PRESSUREZERO
GUST LOCKON
BRAKE TEMPSCHECKED
WEATHERRECEIVED
CLEARANCERECEIVED
FMSsSET
V SPEEDSENTERED/VERIFIED
DISPLAY CONTROLLERSELECT BLUE DATA
GUIDANCE PANELSET
WARN INHIBITOFF
CASCHECKED
FUELRECEIVED/BALANCE/LOG
WEIGHT & BALANCECOMPLETED

Traffic Pattern: Line Up

COWL/WING ANTI-ICESET
EXTERIOR LIGHTSSET
TRANSPONDERON/TA/RA
RADARSET
GROUND SPOILERSARMED
V SPEEDSCHECKED/BOXED
EICASCHECKED
RUNWAY ALIGNMENTCONFIRM

Traffic Pattern: Takeoff

GEARUP
FLAPSUP
GUIDANCE PANELSET
CLIMB POWERSET
GROUND SPOILERSOFF
EXTERIOR LIGHTSSET

Traffic Pattern: Pattern

FMS ARRIVAL/LANDING DATASET
HUD COMBINERDEPLOY/CHECK
NAV AIDSTUNED
COURSE SELECTIONCONFIRMED
MDA/DA/DDASET
HUD DC PAGESET
APPROACH BRIEFINGCOMPLETED

Traffic Pattern: Landing

GEARDOWN/3 GREEN/4 AIR
GROUND SPOILERSARMED
BRAKES/HYD/BRAKE ACCUMCHECKED
FLAPSSET FOR LANDING
WARN INHIBITINHIBIT
FLT CONTROL SYNOPTIC PAGESELECT

Traffic Pattern: Taxi-Back

GROUND SPOILEROFF
FLAPSSET FOR TAKEOFF
LANDING/STROBE LIGHTSOFF
BRAKE TEMPSCHECKED
GPWS/GND SPLR/FLAP OVRDOFF
TRIM SETTINGSSET
TAKEOFF BRIEFINGCOMPLETED
FMSSET/BLUE DATA
FLIGHT INSTRUMENTSSET
GUIDANCE PANELSET
WARN INHIBITINHIBIT
FLIGHT OBSERVER SEATCHECK

I've deleted our company specific addresses here, but you get the idea.

Auto Forward Codes

  • ARINC — Arinc
  • ARI — Air Routing International
  • 12345678901 — Enter a phone number directly to pass a message
  • F12345678901 — Enter a fax number preceeded by an "F"
  • N123AC — Enter a registration number to message another aircraft also using the same system

More about this: G450 Brake Energy

Brake Energy Chart

images

Figure: Brake Energy, from G450 PH, page PH-143.


More about this: CPDLC Checklist

CPDLC Preflight Setup

  1. Ensure you have the following documents in paper form, EFB, or iPad:
    1. ICAO Doc 10037 Global Operational Data Link Document (GOLD)
    2. GAC OMS-4
  2. Review latest ICAO NAT Bulletins
  3. Verify the following appears in your ICAO Flight Plan
    1. Block 7 - Aircraft ID agrees with FMS Flight ID
    2. Block 10A - Equipment Code "J3" and “J5” (Data Link System)
    3. Block 10B - Equipment Code "D1" (ADS)
  4. Master Document / En Route Charts
    1. Annotate FIR boundaries
    2. Check FIRs versus ICAO Doc 10037 Appendix B and make note of:
      1. CPDLC status
      2. ADS-C status
      3. AFN address
    3. Any instructions under Remarks
  5. Confirm COM/NAV3 in Data Mode
  6. Verify Data Link works by any of the following methods:
    1. Downlink the flight plan
    2. Downlink D-ATIS
    3. Downlink PDC
    4. Downlink Terminal Wx
  7. Check VHF Datalink
    1. DLK > SYSTEM > DATALINK MGR
      1. If data link is GND VHF (VDL) test SATCOM (DLK > STATUS > TEST > DATALINK SEND)
      2. If data link is SAT check GND VHF (VDL) when airborne<
  8. Confirm FMS Settings for CPDLC
    1. Confirm Flight ID entered into TCAS details page of FMS agrees with Block 7 of Flight Plan
    2. Confirm Data Link is Operational:
      1. DLK > SYSTEM > DATALINK MGR
      2. VHF available
      3. SATCOM available

CPDLC Log On

  1. When:
    1. On the ground at a departure airfield within 15 minutes of an OCA or FIR that supports CPDLC, you are expected to log on NET 45 minutes prior to takeoff.
    2. If you are unable to log on from the ground, wait until passing 10,000 feet. Log on to the current FIR unless you are within 10 to 25 minutes of the next FIR, then log on to the next FIR.
    3. If already airborne, log on to the next ATSU NET 25 minutes NLT 10 minutes from reaching their airspace.
  2. Log On Procedure
    1. NAV > ATC > LOGON STATUS
    2. Ensure FLT ID and TAIL NO are correct
    3. Ensure ADS ARMED
    4. Ensure ADS EMERGENCY mode is OFF
    5. On second page, ensure ATC COMM is ARMED
    6. On first page, enter LOGIN ID of FIR (From GOLD Appendix E, En Route Chart, or GAC-OMS-4)
    7. SEND
  3. You should see ACCEPTED on LOGON field
  4. Once handed over to an ATSU with CPDLC you should see:
    1. ATC COMM ESTABLISHED
    2. LOGON TO field should go blank
    3. The FIR’s ID should be in the ACT CTR field d) ATC COMM should now be ACTIVE
  5. If you are also in an ADS location, you will see ADS ESTABLISHED and the ADS will go from ARMED to ACTIVE.

CPDLC Latency Timer Message Response

  1. You may get "CONFIRM MESSAGE LATENCY TIMER OFF" or "SET UPLINK DELAY VALUE TO 40 SECONDS"
  2. The G450 does not have a latency timer
  3. Respond using free text "TIMER NOT AVAILABLE"

Downlink Oceanic Clearance

  1. From a DSP (Everywhere except New York Oceanic)
    1. DLK > ATS > OCEANIC CLX
    2. Set ENTRY POINT, ENTRY TIME, and adjust Req Mach and Req FL if required
    3. SEND
    4. ACKNOWLEDGE on receipt
  2. From NY Oceanic using CPDLC
    1. Will get the oceanic from NY Oceanic via ATC UPLINK message
    2. ACCEPT within 60 seconds
    3. REVIEW
    4. ATC CLEARANCE to interpret LLXX waypoints
    5. ACTIVATE to insert into FMS flight plan
    6. Remove extraneous waypoints at end of flight plan

CPDLC Crossing an FIR Boundary

  1. Before crossing an FIR boundary, you should get a conditional clearance to contact the next ATSU.
  2. Accept the clearance, send, but do not contact the next ATSU yet.
  3. On the LOGON/STATUS page you will see the NEXT CTR field has the next ATSU listed.
  4. When the next ATSU takes control, you will see ATC COMM ESTABLISHED
  5. A check-in with the departing controller is not necessary.
  6. At the waypoint listed, contact the new controller.

CPDLC Coast Out (North Atlantic Example)

  1. Establish log on NET 45 minutes, NLT 15 minutes prior to oceanic FIR
  2. Verify ATC COMM ESTABLISHED and ATSU in ACT CTR
  3. When sent to HF, for example:
  4. ____________ Radio, November ______________________________, CPDLC, ________ Next, "Shanwick Radio, November one two three alpha alpha, CPDLC, Gander Next, flight level _______________, request SELCAL check ______________________________ flight level four one zero, request SELCAL check Alpha Bravo Charlie Delta"

    Note: the flight level and term “CPDLC” are no longer required but seem to be expected by most radio operators.

  5. If you also have ADS-C, you should hear: "November one two three alpha bravo, Shanwick Radio, SELCAL check OK, voice reports not required in Shanwick OCA, at 30 West contact Gander on three zero one six primary or five five niner eight secondary."
  6. For most ATSUs around the world, you will also send a position report. (This is not required in the North Atlantic.) Check ICAO Doc 10037 Appendix B Remarks for the ATSUs requirements.

Crossing an Oceanic Boundary

  1. You should get new ADS contracts at least 15 minutes prior to the boundary.
  2. At the boundary you should get ATC COMM ESTABLISHED.
  3. If you will be leaving oceanic airspace after this OCA, include the last two fixes on the cleared route, for example:
  4. __________ Radio, November _____________________________, CPDLC, ________, ________, "Gander Radio, November one two three alpha alpha, CPDLC, CARPE, REDBY, flight level ________________ request SELCAL check ______________________________ flight level four one zero request SELCAL check Alpha, Bravo, Charlie, delta."

    Note: the flight level and term “CPDLC” are no longer required but seem to be expected by most radio operators.

Switch CMF (If data link frozen)

    Note: before you switch CMFs, record or print any logged data (such as OUT and OFF times) or new messages (such as from Data Link). They will be lost on switching.

  1. Select MENU
  2. Select MISC
  3. Toggle LSK 5L to the other CMF. It will take a few seconds, but you should see the change reflected on the screen.

Force SATCOM / Disable VHF Data Mode

  1. RADIO Page 2/2
  2. COM/NAV3
  3. MODE VOICE

Make a SATCOM Short Code Call

  1. You can contact most oceanic radio centers using SATCOM for any emergency or non-routine situation. To dial the 6-digit short code from the MCDU:
    1. Select MENU > SAT > DIRECTORY
    2. Type the number in the scratch pad
    3. Push MANUAL DIAL (5L)
    4. The system dials the number
    5. To end the call, push END CALL (2R)
  2. The oceanic numbers are given on some en route charts and are reproduced here:
    1. Gander Radio: 431613
    2. New York Radio (ARINC): 436623
    3. Iceland Radio (Emergency): 425101 or 425103
    4. Iceland Radio (Com Failure): 425105
    5. Santa Maria Radio: 426305 or 426302
    6. Shanwick Radio: 4250002

Constrain a Satellite

  1. Under normal operations, constraining a satellite is not necessary. If, for some reason a particular satellite drops you, this might be helpful.
  2. Before ADS-C LOGON on the MCDU:
    1. MENU
    2. SAT (6L)
    3. SUBMENU (6L)
    4. LOGON (2L)
    5. GES (6L)
    6. Constrain the satellite in question
    7. LOGON (6L)
    8. GES (6L)
    9. Constrain the satellite in question
    10. LOGON (6L)

Unconstrain a Satellite

  1. MENU
  2. SAT (6L)
  3. SUBMENU (6L)
  4. LOGON (2L)
  5. AUTO LOGON (2L)

Exiting CPDLC and ADS-C Airspace

  1. The CPDLC connection and the ADS contract should terminate automatically.
  2. If not, switch both off

For more about this see: Cold Weather Operations.

Deice / Anti-ice Checklist

  1. Engines . . . Idle
  2. Brakes . . . Set
  3. L/R Cowl. . . Anti-ice Off
  4. L/R Engine Bleed Air . . . Off
  5. APU Bleed Air . . . Off
  6. Cabin Pressure/Outflow Valve . . . Manual/Closed
  7. Flaps . . . Up
  8. Communications . . . Establish
  9. Anti-ice . . . Fluid Type/Ratio
  10. Application . . . Start/Finish Time
  11. Pre-T/O Contamination Check . . . Complete
  12. Doors . . . Closed
  13. Cabin Pressure Control . . . Auto
  14. L/R Engine Bleed Air . . . On
  15. L/R Cowl Anti-ice . . . On
  16. Brakes . . . Release
  17. Cabin Pressure Control . . . Flight
  18. Flaps . . . Set for Takeoff
  19. Wing Anti-ice . . . Set

For more about this: Fuel Quantity Conversion.

Fuel Quantity Pounds / Gallons / Liters

Pounds Gallons Liters   Pounds Gallons Liters
 0.153.785 14,5002,1758,232
1,000150568 15,0002,2508,516
1,500225852 15,5002,3258,800
2,0003001,136 16,0002,4009,084
2,5003751,419 16,5002,4759,368
3,0004501,703 17,0002,5509,652
3,5005251,987 17,5002,6259,936
4,0006002,271 18,0002,70010,220
4,5006752,555 18,5002,77510,503
5,0007502,839 19,0002,85010,787
5,5008253,123 19,5002,92511,071
6,0009003,407 20,0003,00011,355
6,5009753,690 20,5003,07511,639
7,0001,0503,974 21,0003,15011,923
7,5001,1254,258 21,5003,22512,207
8,0001,2004,542 22,0003,30012,491
8,5001,2754,826 22,5003,37512,774
9,0001,3505,110 23,0003,45013,058
9,5001,4255,394 23,5003,52513,342
10,0001,5005,678 24,0003,60013,626
10,5001,5755,961 24,5003,67513,910
11,0001,6506,245 25,0003,75014,194
11,5001,7256,529 25,5003,82514,478
12,0001,8006,813 26,0003,90014,762
12,5001,8757,097 26,5003,97515,045
13,0001,9507,381 27,0004,05015,329
13,5002,0257,665 27,5004,12515,613
14,0002,1007,949 28,0004,20015,897
    28,5004,27516,181

More about this: Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT).

Hazardous Materials (HAZMAT)

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More about this: Lost Communications.

ICAO Lost Communications Procedures

Reference: ICAO Annex 2

Inflight references: Jeppesen Text Emergency Tab, Emergency Procedures and State Rules and Procedures for country specific differences to ICAO standards for lost com

Upon loss of normal com:

  1. Squawk 7600
  2. Attempt to reestablish communication by any means: SATCOM Phone/HF/AFIS

If VMC:

  1. Remain in VMC Conditions
  2. Land at nearest suitable airport

If IMC:

    Non-Radar Environment:

  1. Maintain last assigned speed and level (or climb to minimum IFR Altitude if higher) for 20 min following a compulsory reporting pt
  2. Then resume the flight plan altitude

    Radar Environment:

  1. Maintain last assigned speed and level (or climb to minimum IFR Altitude if higher) for 7 min after the latter of the following:
    1. The assigned/min IFR level was reached
    2. The 7600 squawk began
    3. Passing a compulsory reporting pt
  2. Then resume the flight plan altitude

More about this: G450 Landing Peformance.

Landing Distances

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You will need to add your company's stricter minimums for a complete list. More about this: Minimums.

Minimums

Prior to Flight

  • Takeoff Alternate Required [§135.217] If weather above takeoff minimums but below authorized IFR landing minimums must have an alternate airport within 1 hour's flying time (at normal cruise speed in still air) of the departure airport.
  • Destination Alternate Not Required [§91.167] — If there is an IAP and weather for ETA +/- 1 hour is at least 2,000 and 3.
  • Destination Alternate Not Required [§135.223] — If there is an IAP AND Weather for ETA +/- 1 hour at least 1,500' ceiling above lowest circling MDA or if no circling at least 1,500' above lowest minimum or 2,000' above airport elevation whichever higher AND Visibility at least 3 miles or 2 miles more than lowest applicable mins, whichever greater.
  • Approach Minimums [§91.175] — (b) For the purpose of this section, when the approach procedure being used provides for and requires the use of a DA/DH or MDA, the authorized DA/DH or MDA is the highest of the following: (1) The DA/DH or MDA prescribed by the approach procedure. (2) The DA/DH or MDA prescribed for the pilot in command. (3) The DA/DH or MDA appropriate for the aircraft equipment available and used during the approach.
  • Alternate Airport Weather Requirements [§91.169] — With IAP: 600'/2 precision, 800'/2 non precision at ETA Without IAP: ceiling and vis to allow descent from MEA, approach and landing under basic VFR.

Prior to Takeoff

  • Minimum Fuel [§91.151] — No person may begin a flight in an airplane under VFR conditions unless (considering wind and forecast weather conditions) there is enough fuel to fly to the first point of intended landing and, assuming normal cruising speed (1) During the day, to fly after that for at least 30 minutes; or (2) At night, to fly after that for at least 45 minutes.

  • Minimum Fuel [§91.167] — No person may operate a civil aircraft in IFR conditions unless it carries enough fuel (considering weather reports and forecasts and weather conditions) to (1) Complete the flight to the first airport of intended landing; (2) Except when an alternate is not required, fly from that airport to the alternate airport; and (3) Fly after that for 45 minutes at normal cruising speed or, for helicopters, fly after that for 30 minutes at normal cruising speed.
  • Takeoff Minimums [§91.175] — As provided in Part 97, if none then 1 sm visibility for 2 engine aircraft.
  • Takeoff Minimums [§135.225] — As provided in Part 97 or Ops Specs, if none then 1 sm visibility for 2 engine aircraft, if straight-in approach available then at mins for that approach.

Prior to Approach

  • Approach Minimums [§135.225] — May not begin an IAP unless the airport has an approved weather facility and the latest weather is above minimums. Eligible on-demand may begin the IAP without an approved weather facility provided the alternate has one and have an approved altimeter setting. If weather goes below after beyond the FAF, may continue.

General definitions

Ceiling means the height above the earth's surface of the lowest layer of clouds or obscuring phenomena that is reported as "broken", "overcast", or "obscuration", and not classified as "thin" or "partial".

Flight visibility means the average forward horizontal distance, from the cockpit of an aircraft in flight, at which prominent unlighted objects may be seen and identified by day and prominent lighted objects may be seen and identified by night.


Oceanic Checklist and RVSM/Nav Performance Log

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I've removed our specific numbers, but you get the idea.

Phone Guide

  • Calling from the aircraft:
    • To a U.S. or Canadian Phone: 9 – 1 – (XXX) – XXX – XXXX
    • To a phone outside the U.S.: 9 – country code – city code – number
  • Calling to the aircraft:
    • If you don’t know where the airplane is: 1-xxx-xxx-xxxx
      • Press 1 for Aircell, 2 for Satcom
      • Press 1 flight deck, 2 for cabin
    • If you know aircraft is in an Aircell network
      • Flight deck: xxx-xxx-xxx-xxxx-xx
      • Cabin: xxx-xxx-xxx-xxxx-xx
  • Rates
    • Aircell: Mostly domestic U.S. (Iridium satellites), 60 minutes per month flat rate (about $210/month), $1.50 per additional minute
    • Satcom: Worldwide (Inmarsat satellites), $3.95 per minute

More about this: Runway Condition Codes.

Runway Condition Assessment Matrix (RCAM)

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More about this: G450 Water System Purge

Water System Purge

When to Purge

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How to Purge – In the Air

  • Begin at least 20 minutes prior to landing.
  • Press and hold “System Purge” button for at least 3 seconds.
  • V2 will move to purge position until conformal tank is empty, then to supply position until landing, then to drain position and all system valves open.
  • Continue to “Both”

How to Purge – On the Ground

  • This process will take 20 minutes.
  • Press and hold “System Purge” button for at least 3 seconds.
  • V2 will move to purge position until conformal tank is empty, then after 60 seconds to drain position and all system valves open.
  • Continue to both.
  • How to Purge – Both

  • The conformal tank takes 7 top 15 minutes to drain from full to empty.
  • As air pressure is released, all vented cartridges open: lav faucets, coffee maker, and toilet rinse valves.
  • Do not interrupt power to aircraft or galley until purge cycle completes.
  • When complete, water system and system heaters turn off on their own.
  • At this point, all non-vented valves must be opened for 2 to 3 minutes: galley faucet, forward and aft lav faucets, coffee fill button.
  • Open all sink drains to allow water to drain.
  • Empty all ice drawers or close drain valve underneath (close position is forward.)
  • Flush each toilet twice.
  • Open filler port outside, allow to drain, reclose.
  • Water System Start Up in Cold Weather

  • Turn “Water System” heaters on for 20 minutes prior to adding water, do not turn on “Galley” and “Lavatory” heaters yet.
  • After 20 minutes, add water to conformal tank (at least 6 gallons) and open all faucets until water begins to flow. Then turn on “Galley” and “Lavatory” heaters.

  • More about this: Oceanic Weather Deviation.

    Weather Deviation

    Reference: ICAO Annex 2

    Inflight references: Jeppesen Text Emergency Tab, Emergency Procedures and State Rules and Procedures for country specific differences to ICAO standards for lost com

    1. Attempt to obtain ATC clearance
    2. If unable to obtain clearance:
      1. Deviation less than 10 nm; maintain assigned FL
      2. Deviation greater than 10 nm:
      3. “SAND”:

        1. South Dev, Ascend 300 feet
        2. North Dev, Descend 300 feet
      4. Broadcast intensions on 121.5 and 123.45

     

    References

    14 CFR 1, Title 14: Aeronautics and Space, Definitions and Abbreviations, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation

    14 CFR 91, Title 14: Aeronautics and Space, General Operating and Flight Rules, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation

    14 CFR 135, Title 14: Aeronautics and Space, Operating Requirements: Commuter and On Demand Operations and Rules Governing Persons on Board Such Aircraft, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation

    49 CFR 175, Title 59, Transportation, Carriage by Aircraft, Department of Transportation

    epermits.aphis.usda.gov

    FAA Orders 8400 and 8900

    ICAO Annex 2 - Rules of the Air, International Standards, Annex 2 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation, July 2005

    FAA, Runway Condition Assessment Matrix, Undated

    USDA - APHIS International Travel

    Revision: 20171122
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