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  Steep Turns

Gulfstream G450 Flight Procedures

At long last these procedures have been removed from the G450 Operating Manual but FlightSafety still uses them as a required maneuver so here are some techniques.


 

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Basic Procedure

[G450 Aircraft Operating Manual (Historical) §06-03-00 Figure 1.

  • Setup: 10,000', gear up, flaps up, 250 knots, set heading bug to rollout heading
  • Allow autopilot to trim for level flight and autothrottles for constant speed
  • Disengage autothrottles first, then autopilot, trim for level flight without touching power
  • Roll into 45° bank
  • Watch altitude and speed trend vectors (the magenta lines on the PFD growing from the center of the speed on the left and the altitude on the right)
  • If rolling from one direction to another, refrain from trimming but expect considerable push force during bank swap
  • With 30° heading to go, pull added power
  • With 10° heading to go, roll out and expect push forces, retrim once wings level

There are several methods: PFD traditional, HUD, and PFD with HUD symbology

Primary Flight Display Traditional

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Figure: Typical Climb to Altitude, from G450 Aircraft Operating Manual §2B-05-00, Figure 18.

You more than likely will not have the flight director, but no matter. The aircraft symbol will typically be about 2-1/2° nose high when starting the maneuver. (This will vary according to the altitude and speed chosen for the exercise.) Fly the airplane along a cardinal heading and roll smoothly to 45° of bank, adding back pressure and trim passing 30° of bank. Once the bank is established, crosscheck the altitude and speed, adjust as necessary. The G450 rolls more crisply than the GIII or GIV and only 10° lead is needed for the roll out.

HUD

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Figure: HUD at 45° Bank, from Eddie's Notes

The HUD can be used for steep turns, but it isn't easy. The horizon line on the HUD is a “relative” horizon, but there will be a gap where the flight path vector is. Keep the flight path vector on the relative horizon with a crosscheck of the altimeter. Keep the acceleration caret centered and your power is set correctly for the bank angle, make changes based on the speed error tape. Remember that pitch changes that look large on the HUD are actually smaller than they appear. You can prove this to yourself in the right seat by bringing up the HUD on a DU while the left seat pilot flies.

Primary Flight Display with HUD Symbology

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Figure: PFD at 45° Bank, from Eddie's Notes

The best method is to switch the primary flight display to HUD symbology. Unlike the HUD, the PFD has a gray line with a white dot where the HUD has a gap in the horizon line. You need only keep the flight path vector on that white dot to guarantee level flight. The acceleration caret on the left wing gives you instant speed cues.

References

Gulfstream G450 Aircraft Operating Manual, Revision 35, April 30, 2013.

Gulfstream G450 Aircraft Operating Manual (Historical), Revision 24, September 18, 2009.

Gulfstream G450 Airplane Flight Manual, Revision 35, April 18, 2013

Revision: 20131109
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