Eddie Sez:

I get a fair amount of e-mail and every now and then someone asks for permission to print parts of the website — no problem — and sometimes they want to know if they can find some of this stuff in printed form. I am trying to get all the good stuff into print, my grand plan here: Book Notes.

Getting international operations material into print is something many companies do, but none of them do it well. There are five basic problems with most of the manuals and schools that teach this stuff:

  1. Sourcing. Most of it is buried in some obscure ICAO, EASA, MNPS, or even in some FAA manual that you really have to hunt through to find. The process is tedious and few venders take the time to properly research. You are often presented with procedures that may or may not be true. You don't know because no references are cited.

  2. Completeness. Many of the procedures are considered too basic to teach because "everyone knows that" or "you will pick it up along the way." Having been in the business of instructing international flight operations for decades, I can tell you a majority of airline and corporate aviation pilots don't know much of what they should. How many HF radios are required for oceanic operations? Is plotting required on the Romeo routes between California and Hawaii? Can you takeoff if your destination's weather is below minimums under ICAO rules? The list goes on.

  3. Advanced Topics. Many current requirements are considered outdated and unnecessary in the days of GPS and that just isn't true. If you don't understand why some aircraft are allowed half-degree spacing over the North Atlantic and some aren't, for just one example, then perhaps you shouldn't be sharing that airspace with pilots who do.

  4. Updates. One school of thought is that everything is changing so rapidly you might as well step back and wait for things to settle down. Things aren't going to settle down and if you've never heard of RNP, RCP, and RSP you are falling behind. Most courses do a very poor job of staying current. (I recently started a name-brand vendor's course that hadn't been updated in five years — a lot has happened in that time! — I cancelled the course and tried three others. None of them were up to date.)

  5. Basic Instruction. You will not get everything you need to know at any of international flight operations courses taught around the world. None of the initial courses really teach you what you need to know because they are trying to trim the time to a minimum or they just don't know how.

So this manual, all 606 pages of it, is my attempt to correct all of these problems. My first attempt was in 2003 when I wrote the "International Operations Procedures Manual" for TAG Aviation USA. It was much better than what they had and that manual has since been adopted by countless other aviation management companies and a few airlines. But it didn't go far enough. This new manual goes the rest of the distance:

  1. Sourcing. Just like most of Code7700.com, everything that has a source will have that source named, chapter and verse. What document says you have to do a post position plot? This manual tells you. If there isn't a source and only techniques, the manual gives you the best techniques (and some others as well) and lets you know it is just that, a technique. There are at least five ways to do a post position plot, the one to choose depends on your avionics.

  2. Completeness. This manual includes everything from the most basic procedures (what is a "heading" or a "course" and how do you measure them?) to the most advanced (how does GPS really work and how much accuracy do you need from it?). It is organized to help you find what you need quickly.

  3. Advanced Topics. What is the difference between RNP and RNAV? When is an RNP not an RNP at all? Which of the following factors determine your RNP: navigation, communications, or surveillance? (Answer: all three.)

  4. Updates. International flight operations are changing so fast, that as soon as any manual is written, it is out of date. I will post a quarterly manual update on Code7700.com, including postings from my more detail oriented readers. (It is true that I am due to retire in a few years, but I think I've found someone qualified to take over when that happens.)

  5. Basic Instruction. The manual includes an extensive tutorial that takes you from the trip set up decision-making process, aircraft operations specifications and other required authorizations, aircraft set up, departure / en route / arrival procedures, record keeping, and even covers the dreaded SAFA inspection.

I think this is the best manual of this type; I've not seen anything on the market that even comes close. Over the years my flight departments have spent thousands of dollars on this type of material only to be disappointed. When I was at Compaq Computer, for example, we ran through several thousands of dollars on basic source material because the commercial products were so poor. At my current flight department we just spent $2,000 on a manual that is better than most, but still not a fraction of what it could be. So now, I hope, I have fixed all that.

The book is on sale right now at Amazon.com for $75.00 in hardcover only. Publishing an e-Book was out of the question due to the sheer mass of the thing. (606 pages in total with 250 illustrations.) I tried to keep the margins very thin on this so as to get it out to as many pilots as possible. If the demand is high enough, I'll look for another publisher to trim the price even more.

So far the response has been very positive. As always, please let me know. (Click "Contact Eddie" below.)

Finally a note to schools, flight departments, and other vendors. I am often asked if this manual can be made available for publication by others. I am certainly open to the idea, please "Contact Eddie" below and let me know what you have in mind.


What's Inside?

Each chapter is patterned to some degree off a page on www.code7700.com:

  1. Negotiate
    1. Aircraft Regulatory Compliance.
      IOM Policies

    2. Primary Source Materials (ICAO).
      IOM Policies

    3. Primary Source Materials (U.S.).
      IOM Policies

  2. Aviate
    1. Coordinates.
      Navigation / Coordinates

    2. Direction.
      Navigation / Direction
      Navigation / Latitude & Longitude

    3. Initial versus Midpoint Course
      Navigation / Initial Course vs. Midpoint

    4. Class I and Class II Airspace
      Airspace / Class I vs. Class II Airspace

    5. Plotting
      Navigation / Plotting

    6. Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM)
      Airspace / RVSM

    7. Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS)
      Navigation / GPS/GNSS
  3. Navigate
    1. Area Navigation (RNAV)
      Airspace / RNAV vs RNP,
      Airspace / RNAV-1 and RNAV-2

    2. Required Navigation Performance (RNP)
      Airspace / RNAV vs RNP

    3. Future Air Navigation System (FANS)
      Airspace / FANS

    4. Performance Based Navigation (PBN)
      Airspace / PBN

    5. Class A through G Airspace
      Airspace / Classification

    6. Basic Area Navigation (B-BRNAV)
      Airspace / B-RNAV

    7. Minimum Navigation Performance Specification (MNPS)
      Airspace / MNPS

    8. Precision Area Navigation (P-RNAV)
      Airspace / P-RNAV

    9. Required Navigation Performance-4 (RNP-4)
      Airspace / RNP-4

    10. Required Navigation Performance-10 (RNP-10)
      Airspace / RNP-10
  4. Communicate
    1. Required Communications Performance (RCP)
      Communication / RCP

    2. High Frequency (HF) Radio
      Communications / HF

    3. Voice Position Reports
      International Operations / Voice Position Reports

    4. Satellite Communications (SATCOM) / Satellite Voice (SATVOICE)
      Communications / SATCOM / SATVOICE

    5. Controller Pilot Data link Communications (CPDLC)
      Communications / CPDLC

    6. CPDLC Checklist
      Communications / CPDLC Checklist

    7. Emergency Locator Transmitter (ELT)
      Communications / ELT
  5. Surveillance
    1. Required Surveillance Performance (RSP)
      Surveillance / RSP

    2. Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS-B)
      Surveillance / ADS-B

    3. Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Contract (ADS-C)
      Surveillance / ADS-C

    4. Transponder Modes and Codes
      Surveillance / Transponder
  6. Abnormals
    1. Inflight Contingencies in Oceanic Airspace
      Abnormal Procedures / Oceanic Contingencies

    2. Lost Communications
      Abnormal Procedures / Lost Communications

    3. Loss of Long Range Navigation
      Abnormal Procedures / Loss of Long Range Navigation

    4. Loss of RVSM Capability in Oceanic Airspace
      Abnormal Procedures / Loss of RVSM Capability in Oceanic Airspace

    5. Volcanic Ash
      Abnormal Procedures / Volcanic Ash

    6. Weather Deviation in Oceanic Airspace
      Abnormal Procedures / Weather Deviation
  7. Tutorial
    1. Trip Preparation
      International Operations Tutorial / Trip Preparation

    2. Oceanic Departure
      International Operations Tutorial / Oceanic Departure

    3. Oceanic En Route
      International Operations Tutorial / Oceanic En Route

    4. Oceanic Arrival
      International Operations Tutorial / Oceanic Arrival
  8. Appendices
    1. Agriculture Import
      International Operations / Agriculture Import

    2. Airport Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) Codes
      International Operations / ARFF

    3. Altimeter Settings
      Altimetry / Altimeter Settings

    4. Altimetry (Metric)
      Altimetry / Metric

    5. Altimetry (Temperature Correction)
      Altimetry / Temperature Correction

    6. Altimetry (Transition Altitude, Layer, Level)
      International Operations/ Transition Altitude / Layer / Level

    7. Approach Ban
      International Operations / Approach Ban

    8. Approach Categories
      Instrument Procedures / Approach Categories

    9. ARINC 424 Shorthand
      International Operations / ARINC-424

    10. Cabotage
      International Operations / Cabotage

    11. Call Signs
      International Operations / Call Signs

    12. CANPASS
      International Operations / CANPASS

    13. Conditional Clearances
      International Operations / Conditional Clearances

    14. Continuous Descent Final Approach (CDFA)
      Instrument Procedures / CDFA

    15. Course Reversals
      Instrument Procedures / Course Reversals

    16. Customs
      International Operations / Customs

    17. Electronic Advanced Passenger Information System (eAPIS)
      International Operations / eAPIS

    18. Equal Time Point (ETPs)
      International Operations / ETPs

    19. Extended Operations (ETOPS)
      International Operations / ETOPs

    20. Flight Operations Checklist
      International Operations / Flight Operations Checklist

    21. Flight Plans
      Procedures & Techniques / Flight Plans

    22. Fueling
      Procedures & Techniques / Fueling

    23. High Latitude Operations
      International Operations / High Latitude Operations

    24. Insurance
      International Operations / Insurance

    25. Journey Logbook
      International Operations / Journey Logbook

    26. Mach Number Technique
      International Operations / Mach Number Technique

    27. Navigation Accuracy Check
      International Operations / Navigation Accuracy Check

    28. Navigation Worksheet
      International Operations / Navigation Worksheet

    29. Oceanic Checklist
      International Operations / Oceanic Checklist

    30. Point of Safe Return (PSR)
      International Operations / PSR

    31. Post Position Plot
      International Operations / Post Position Plot

    32. Reroute
      International Operations / Reroute

    33. Safety Assessment of Foreign Aircraft
      International Operations / SAFA

    34. Slots (EU)
      International Operations / Slots

    35. Strategic Lateral Offset Procedure (SLOP)
      International Operations / SLOP

    36. Traffic Information Broadcast by Aircraft (TIBA)
      International Operations / TIBA

    37. True Course 10 Degree Tables
      International Operations / Ten Degree Tables

    38. Visa Waiver Program
      International Operations / Visa Waiver Program

    39. Waypoint Notation
      International Operations / Waypoint Notation

    40. World Geodetic System 84 (WGS-84)
      International Operations / WGS-84