G450 Enroute to Alaska (Photo: Jeff Stafford)

Eddie Sez:

Crossing the Atlantic a hundred times doesn't make you an international pilot, and flying around the world for a living five years ago doesn't make you an international guru today. The rules vary by region and they are changing all the time. You need to study up for every trip!

International Operations encompasses all flight operations outside the United States. Over the years, the U.S. has adopted more and more of the ICAO procedures and the ICAO has done more to standardize their procedures. In short, it has gotten easier.

This International Operations Manual has morphed into several areas of Code 7700 but can be summarized as follows.

International Operations Manual (IOM)

Figure: Plotting chart, from Eddie's notes.

The International Operations Manual details the policies needed to set up a flight department capable of international flight operations, the steps necessary to set up a trip, and then uses an example trip to detail flight steps for oceanic operations.


Flight Operations Checklist

Trip Preparation

Oceanic Departure

Oceanic En Route

Oceanic Arrival

International Operations Manual (IOM) - Regional

Regional Differences

Africa-Indian Ocean (AFI)

Caribbean (CAR)

European (EUR)

Middle East/Asia (MID/ASIA)

North America (NAM)

North Atlantic (NAT)

Pacific (PAC)

South America (SAM)

International Operations Manual (IOM) - Abnormals

Oceanic Contingencies

Loss of Long Range Navigation

Loss of RVSM Capability in Oceanic Airspace

Lost Communications

Weather Deviation in Oceanic Airspace

International Operations Manual (IOM) - Appendices

Agriculture Import

Altimetry, Metric, QFE/QNH

ARINC 424 Shorthand

Approach Ban

Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Contract (ADS-C)

Basic Area Navigation (B-RNAV)


Call Signs

Conditional Clearance

Controller Pilot Data Link Communications (CPDLC)


Electronic Advanced Passenger Information System (eAPIS)

Equal Time Points (ETP's)

Extended Operations (ETOPS)

Fuel Conversion (Pounds to Gallons to Liters)

High Latitude Operations


Journey Log Book

Mach Number Technique

Navigation Accuracy Check

Navigation Worksheet

North Atlantic High Level Airspace (NAT HLA)

Oceanic Checklist

Plotting 101

Point of Safe Return

Position Reports

Post Position Plot

Precision Area Navigation (P-RNAV)

Required Navigation Performance-4 (RNP-4)

Required Navigation Performance-10 (RNP-10)

Safety Assessment of Foreign Aircraft (SAFA)

Strategic Lateral Offset Procedure (SLOP)

Traffic Information Broadcast by Aircraft (TIBA)

Transition Altitude / Layer / Level

US versus ICAO

Voice Position Reports

Waypoint Notation

World Geodetic System 84 (WGS-84)