Everything here is from the references shown below, with a few comments in an alternate color.
AMC FCL 1.425/2.425 paragraph 20 // An examiner should encourage a friendly and relaxed atmosphere to develop both before and during a test/check flight. A negative or hostile approach should not be used. During the test/check flight, the examiner should avoid negative comments or criticisms and all assessments should be reserved for the ed-briefing.
AMC FCL 1.425/2.425 paragraph 18 (modified) // Before meeting the applicant the Examiner must be properly prepared for the flight. The Examiner should supervise all aspects of the test/check flight preparation, including, where necessary, obtaining or assuring an ATC services as required.
AMC FCL 1.425/2.425 paragraph 26// A test/check is intended to represent a practical flight. Accordingly, an examiner may set practical scenarios for an applicant while ensuring that the applicant is not confused and air safety is not compromised.
AMC FCL 1.425/2.425 paragraph 24 // A test/check flight will be conducted within the limitations contained in the operations manual of a FTO/TRTO and, where applicable, the operations manual of a registered facility.
Preflight preparation requires the applicant to assess the weather conditions and make his decision whether to proceed with the flight. The applicant must take into account the requirements of all the sections of the test that he is taking. The Examiner is to assess the applicant’s decision. A decision to continue when the weather is forecast below the limits required to complete the flight shall be considered a fail item for test/check
3.2.7 Pre Flight – briefing //
The performance of an applicant under test conditions will often be adversely affected by some degree of nervous tension, but the Examiner can do much to redress the balance in his favour by the adoption of a friendly and sympathetic attitude. Any suggestion of haste during briefing should be avoided and the applicant should be encouraged to ask as many questions as he wishes at the conclusion of each section. Clear and unhurried instructions at this stage will not only serve to put the applicant at his ease, but will ensure when airborne that the flight proceeds smoothly and without unnecessary delay.
Construction of the Briefing
The pre flight briefing may be given as one or more separate elements, as required, to give the applicant the maximum opportunity to understand and prepare what is required of him.
IEM FCL 1.425/2.425 paragraph 4 // The applicant should be given time and facilities to prepare for the test flight. The briefing should cover the following:
[Austro Control Flight Examiners Handbook, §3.2.9]
18.104.22.168 Definition. The complex of all resources (knowledge, attitude and skills) enabling the pilot to safely handle his aeroplane/helicopter with due regard to rules and regulations, whatever the circumstances, both on the ground and in the air. Human resources include all other groups routinely working with the pilot who are involved in decisions that are required to operate a flight safely. These groups may include, but are not limited to: dispatchers, cabin crewmembers, maintenance personnel and air traffic controllers. Airmanship is not a single task but is a set of competencies, which must be evident in all tasks, conducted throughout the practical test standard as applied to a skill test or proficiency check.
22.214.171.124 How the Examiner Assesses Airmanship
126.96.36.199 Flight management // AMC FCL 1.425/2.425 paragraph 27
An examiner should maintain a flight log and assessment record during the test/check for reference during the post/flight de-brief.
This record should be compiled without alerting or attracting the attention of the applicant.
Communications in flight should only be necessary:
Except when the Examiner has to give guidance or a reminder, the applicant should be allowed to conduct the flight without interruption. It should be remembered, however, that the Examiner is responsible for the safe conduct of the flight and the prevention of any infringements.
[Austro Control Flight Examiners Handbook, §188.8.131.52] Grading
Grading is an option on some forms used for tests/checks. However, its use is optional.
The "Acceptable Performance" section of each exercise outlines the grading criteria. These criteria assume no unusual circumstances. Consideration shall be given to unavoidable deviations from the published criteria due to weather, traffic or other situations beyond the reasonable control of the applicant. To avoid the need to compensate for such situations, the tests should be conducted under normal conditions whenever possible.
The ideal performance under existing conditions. Anticipates and adapts easily to changing or unusual flight situations. Aim of exercise safely achieved with very few minor variations from ideal. Performance shows smooth control of aeroplane/helicopter.
Aim of the exercise safely achieved with frequent minor but no major variations from the ideal. Or Aim of the exercise safely achieved. Performance includes not more than one major variation from the ideal and may include frequent minor variations from the ideal.
Aim of exercise safely achieved in a rough manner. Performance includes more than one major variation from the ideal and indicates a level of skill or knowledge, which results in a marginally acceptable performance.
Any one of the following will result in an assessment of fail:
Written remarks are required when awarding a flight test exercise a mark of 2 or less. The remarks should be clear and concise and in the case of an exercise assessed as:
Grades AS / Above Standard reflect the major variation(s) from the Acceptable Performance for the exercise as outlined in the appropriate flight test standards; S / Satisfactory reflects to the outlined flight test standard, BS / Below standard reflects that major parts of the test are stated as Satisfactory, but some parts are only accepted in a marginal manner. US / Unsatisfactory reflect the appropriate item or items that result in an assessment of fail as listed in the Grading Scale section of the flight test Standard(s).
During a flight test, it is sometimes difficult to write clear and concise remarks. It is recommended that examiners use notes made during the flight test to complete a final copy of the Flight Test Report. This provides the examiner with the opportunity of referencing the appropriate flight test standards while writing final comments.
The ability of an applicant to safely perform the required assignments is based on:
Unsatisfactory Performance: Consistently exceeding the relevant tolerances stated in Module 5, or failure to take prompt, corrective action when tolerances are exceeded is indicative of unsatisfactory performance. The tolerances represent the performance expected in good flying conditions. Any action or lack thereof, by the applicant, who requires corrective intervention by the examiner to maintain safe flight, shall be disqualifying.
If a repeat item is not clearly satisfactory, the examiner shall consider it unsatisfactory
3.2.11 Post flight - debrief
Post flight procedures will require accurate assessment of the flight and communication to the applicant of his result. The examiner must:
Having completed the flight and the administration the examiner may then offer guidance on any aspect of the flight.
The following points may be discussed:
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