The captain did not have a track record of having problems dealing with engine failures during training but this incident was his second where he appeared unable to cope when it happened in an airplane. The first officer appeared to be doing a competent job of flying the airplane during the engine failure but completely disengaged once the captain took over. This engine failure could have been survived had the captain applied proper stick and rudder inputs and simply left the failed engine alone. Why do some pilots with adequate simulator training records do so poorly in aircraft? I think it may be a form of panic.
A transport category airplane certified under 14 CFR 25 is designed to fly with the critical engine out, so if anything kills you, it is probably you. The two most likely ways for that to happen is when you (a) apply the wrong rudder, or (b) shut down the wrong engine. Too many pilots think of an engine failure as a macho test of speed to see who can get the rudder in so fast that other pilots don't even notice the yaw. If the airplane doesn't have time to yaw, you aren't doing it right. Now all of my engine failure experience has been in two or four-engine jets. You should practice this in a simulator, but this has always worked for me:
Everything here is from the references shown below, with a few comments in an alternate color.
Photo: Airlink 8911 Wreckage, from SACAA Report, Cover page.
[SACAA Report, ¶1.11.4]
[SACAA Report, ¶2]
[SACAA Report, ¶3.2]
South African Civil Aviation Authority (SACAA) Accident Investigation Report CA18/2/3/8690, Jetstream Aircraft 4100 ZS-NRM: Loss of control after engine failure and misidentified engine shutdown after take-off from Durban Airport, South Africa on 24 September 2009
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