You can get violated for exceeding 200 knots below the lateral limits of Class B airspace and the worst part of that is you can be encouraged to do that by the guy on the other side of the microphone right up until the time that guy violates you.
— James Albright
It isn't that the SOB on that side of the radio is out to get you, as much as it may seem. Air traffic control is trying to cram a lot of airplanes in that airspace you are using and they may actually want you flying faster than you should. The problem arises when your speed gets in someone else's way and a computerized program at the FAA flags you. You need to know where that airspace is.
If you want to know about airspace classifications in general, including Class B airspace, see: Airspace Classification.
You aren't being paranoid
(they really are out to get you)
TECKY ONE Paranoid Trap, from Eddie's notes, taking KSJC TECKY ONE Departure (FAA SW-2, 28 May 2015 to 25 Jun 2015) ground track and altitude restrictions and using KSFO Class B Airspace Restriction overlay
You may have heard of 14 CFR 91.117(c) and you may even know what it says:
No person may operate an aircraft in the airspace underlying a Class B airspace area designated for an airport or in a VFR corridor designated through such a Class B airspace area, at an indicated airspeed of more than 200 knots (230 mph).
Source:14 CFR 91, §91.117(c)
But how often do you consciously plan for it? The controller also knows the rule but may not care until the day the sky is crowded with smaller aircraft that are having trouble spotting you in time to avoid a collision. You can be sure that on a day that it does matter the controller’s opinion will carry more weight than yours. Consider the San Jose TECKY ONE departure published on January 8, 2015.
If you simply pull up the departure procedure, read the narrative, and mentally fly the solid black line, you can be forgiven for thinking you can accelerate to 230 knots right after takeoff. The first waypoints departing Runway 30 left or right have two restrictions: you must be at least 900 feet in altitude and you cannot be faster than 230 knots. Since we are normally keyed to remaining below 250 knots when below 10,000 feet, we tell ourselves our new target speed is 230 knots until passing STCLR or MLPTS.
The flight management systems on many airplanes will dutifully accelerate to that speed, Class B overhead or not.
NORCAL Departure Control would be fully within their rights to point out that you are flying below the San Francisco Class B airspace and your speed cannot exceed 200 knots under 14 CFR 91.117(c). The fact the Class B is not mentioned or depicted on the departure procedure is no excuse. There have been violations issued and NORCAL has been called several times on the discrepancy:
Pilots are reminded that the aircraft is below the Class B airspace in the turn and then just prior to SPTNS. Several pilots have had Pilot Deviations filed against them for exceeding the 200 KIAS limit below the Class B.
Source: NBAA Airmail, February 3, 2015
An even more insidious source of Class B high-speed trouble happens on arrival, when approach control is trying to sequence aircraft for approaches. “Fly 210 till the marker,” is a clearance to fly a specific speed but it is not clearance to violate an FAR.
So how do you protect yourself from the unknown Class B area that may be lurking over your head? If your departure or destination lies underneath a Class B area you should print the chart or have it readily accessible in the cockpit. If you can overlay the chart on your avionics you should. You should also add Class B considerations to departure procedure and approach briefings.
Class B airspace, U.S.
What follows is a list that is current as of this writing, but be advised the list is growing. There is an incomplete list in the Aeronautical Information Manual. The real list is in FAA JO 7400.9X Airspace Designation, which you can download below. You can also look on current sectional charts.
- PHX / KPHX Phoenix Sky Harbor International
- LAX / KLAX Los Angeles International
- NKX / KNKX Marine Corps Air Station Miramar
- SAN / KSAN San Diego International/Lindbergh Field
- SFO / KSFO San Francisco International
- DEN / KDEN Denver International
- MCO / KMCO Orlando International
- MIA / KMIA Miami International
- TPA / KTPA Tampa International
- ATL / KATL Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International
- HNL / PHNL Honolulu International
- ORD / KORD Chicago–O'Hare International
- CVG / KCVG Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International
- MSY / KMSY Louis Armstrong New Orleans International
- ADW / KADW Andrews Air Force Base
- BWI / KBWI Baltimore/Washington International
- BOS / KBOS Boston–Logan International
- DTW / KDTW Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County
- MSP / KMSP Minneapolis–Saint Paul International
- MCI / KMCI Kansas City International
- STL / KSTL Lambert–St. Louis International
- LAS / KLAS Las Vegas–McCarran International
- EWR / KEWR Newark Liberty International
- JFK / KJFK New York–John F. Kennedy International
- LGA / KLGA New York–LaGuardia
- CLT / KCLT Charlotte Douglas International
- CLE / KCLE Cleveland Hopkins International
- PHL / KPHL Philadelphia International
- PIT / KPIT Pittsburgh International
- MEM / KMEM Memphis International
- DFW / KDFW Dallas–Fort Worth International
- HOU / KHOU Houston–Hobby (Secondary Class B Airport)
- IAH / KIAH Houston–George Bush Intercontinental
- SLC / KSLC Salt Lake City International
- DCA / KDCA Ronald Reagan Washington National
- IAD / KIAD Washington Dulles International
- SEA / KSEA Seattle–Tacoma International
14 CFR 91, Title 14: Aeronautics and Space, General Operating and Flight Rules, Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation
FAA JO 7400.9X Airspace Designation, U.S. Department of Transportation, August 7, 2013