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Air Force Instrument School, "Flying Safety" magazine, April 1954

During my first ten years as an Air Force pilot, we had annual instrument refresher classes that every actively flying pilot had to attend. We were crashing several aircraft each month, often because of a failure to properly fly instrument procedures. And yet, flying instruments back then used to be so uncomplicated. If you could maintain a course and fly an intercept, you pretty much had it all covered. These days? Not so much . . .

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Alternate IAP Requirements

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Approach Categories

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Approach Impossible

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Approach Surveillance Radar

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Approach VVI

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Arcs

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Back Course Localizer

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Circling Approach

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Circling Approach Area

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(U.S.) Circling Approach Minimums Are Too Low!

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Circling Revisited

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Course Reversal

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Holding

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Instrument Landing System (ILS)

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Localizer Performance with Vertical Guidance (LPV)

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Non-Directional Beacon (NDB) Approaches

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Precision Approach Radar (PAR)

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Procedure Turn Hold in Lieu

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RNAV(GNSS) Example

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RNAV(GPS)

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Sitting Duck (Under)

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WGS-84